Welcome to the International
Bobsleigh & Skeleton Federation

FIBT FOUNDED IN 1923

The Federation Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT) was founded on November 23, 1923 by the delegates of Great Britain, France and Switzerland, and the representatives of Canada and the United States, meeting at an International Congress in Paris, France. The FIBT headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. 

Bobsleigh as an organized and active sport thrived from before the turn of the century. However, it was the advent of the 1924 Winter Games and the acceptance of Bobsleigh as an Olympic sport that prompted the formation of a federation.

On November 23, 1923 the French Duke, the Comte Renaud de la Frégeoliere, signed the document fulfilling the International Olympic Committee’s mandate. Renaud de la Frégeoliere was elected President and would remain in that office for 37 years.The task of founding an international bobsleigh federation was given to Franz Reichel, a sportsman of merit and editor of the French newspaper “Le Figaro.” The other delegates included Major B.M. Patton Great Britain), Allan Muhr (USA), and Pierre Golay (Switzerland).

Throughout the early years, bobsleigh tracks sprung up all over Europe and North America. These tracks suffered various fates, some succumbing to the Second World War, and others falling victim to commercial and residential expansion. Artificial ice tracks gave consistency to the sport in the 1960’s and now all tracks are refrigerated, with the exception of St. Moritz, Switzerland. 

The Tobogganing portion of the FIBT name refers to “sled” used in the sport of skeleton.  Skeleton was an Olympic sport in 1928 and 1948 when St. Moritz hosted the Games. Skeleton returned as an Olympic discipline in 2002 (Salt Lake City).   Women, who once had a place on the sled in five-person  bobsleigh competitions in the earlier days of the sport, began officially competing in FIBT races in 1998. The first women’s bobsleigh World Championship was held in 2000 and women’s bob became an Olympic sport in 2002.

As a mainstay of the Olympic Winter Games, bobsleigh tracks are now constructed every four years at new Olympic sites. There are 13 tracks used for FIBT competitions in 10 countries.  

The FIBT conducts competitions in five disciplines: 2-man bobsleigh, 4-man bobsleigh, women’s bobsleigh, men’s skeleton and women’s skeleton.  In addition to the Olympic Winter games and World Championships, the FIBT conducts World Cup, Intercontinental Cup and America's Cup events.

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